According to a study published in the journal of clinical nutrition, the consumption of legumes is inversely associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
In a prospective assessment of 3349 participants who had no type 2 DM at baseline and yearly follow-up, 266 new cases of type 2 DM occurred, with those who had the highest total legume and lentil consumption having the lowest risk and those with the lowest legume consumption having the highest risk. The study revealed that those with a higher intake of legumes were 35 percent less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than their counterparts who consumed a smaller amount of legumes. Of all the legumes studied, lentils had the strongest association with a low risk of type 2 diabetes.
Additionally, the researchers found that replacing half a serving per day of legumes with an equivalent portion of protein- and carbohydrate-rich foods including bread, eggs, rice, or potatoes also correlated with a reduced risk of diabetes.
The authors conclude that “A frequent consumption of legumes, particularly lentils, in the context of a Mediterranean diet, may provide benefits on type 2 diabetes prevention in older adults at high cardiovascular risk.”
The number of teeth we have, could tell us how long we’ll live.
Tooth loss can be used as a major predictor to somebody’s life expectancy, according to a new research.
A recent research found out that the number of teeth we lose can be a key indicator to our quality of life and that those who have a full set of teeth when they are 74 are significantly more likely to reach 100 years old.
The study shows that there was a clear evidence that tooth loss is closely related to ‘stress’ during a person’s lifetime. This includes a person’s specific social, emotional, economic and educational experiences as well as health issues such as chronic disease, genetic conditions, nutritional intake and lifestyle choices.
Evidence showed that people who had lost five or more teeth by the age of 65 were also more likely to suffer from other serious health issues such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes and osteoporosis which could severely limit a person’s life expectancy.
What this piece of research suggests is that tooth loss can often be a signifier of a poor quality of other areas of a person’s lifestyle and therefore a higher likelihood of someone having health issues because of this.
Importantly it also shows that diseases associated with tooth loss, such as gum disease, can also contribute to an increased risk of life limiting diseases.
1. Friedman PLamster I. Tooth loss as a predictor of shortened longevity: exploring the hypothesis. Periodontology 2000. 2016;72(1):142-1
Three different doctors over 3 years dismissed Ashley Flynn’s complaints, but it wasn’t something minor. Flynn was only 24 when she was diagnosed in 2011 with stage 3 rectal cancer. She had surgery and chemotherapy beginning in late 2011 and has been cancer-free since August 2012.
Cases of colon and rectal cancer are on the rise in people under the age of 50, a group that’s rarely screened for them. According to a recent study, rates among younger people increased by more than 11% between 2004 and 2014.
Physicians and patients have come to expect that periodic health examinations (PHEs) are a standard part of comprehensive ongoing medical care. However, considerable research has not demonstrated a substantial benefit of the PHE. Given this lack of benefit and the high total cost of PHE to the health care system, the American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Foundation and the Society of General Internal Medicine (SGIM) have identified “routine health checks in asymptomatic patients” as something of low value that physicians and patients should question, as a part of the Choosing Wisely campaign. Two discussants review the debate about PHE and consider the value of PHE for a healthy 70-year-old woman who appreciates seeing her physician annually.